Collecting Guide: Chinese export porcelain

Most of the porcelain shipped from China to the West during the 17th Century through the 19th Century was formerly known as “China trade porcelain”, although now it is commonly referred to as Chinese export porcelain, including the blue and white Canton ware. Canton porcelain was manufactured and fired in the kilns at the Provence of Ching-Te Chen, then sent by the East India Trading Company to the seaside port of Canton for the final decorating process by Chinese artists and craftsmen working in the enameling shops. Thus the name “Canton” alludes as much to the decoration and design on the ware as well as its port of export. Chinese Canton ware was shipped to Europe and America in the holds of cargo ships which resulted in its becoming known as “ballast ware”. The Canton blue and white patterned dinner and tea sets were favored by George Washington as well as the merchant classes. Eventually, it became an integral part of important private, as well as public, collections throughout Post Revolutionary America, being the province of the collector and curator. The U. Utilitarian in appearance with outer rims having unsymmetrical ridges and indentations, Canton has several characteristics that distinguish it from other Chinese export porcelains although it is very similar to the blue and white Nanking pattern. Both Canton and Nanking ware are hand painted with a composition of a coastal village scene consisting of tea house, arched bridges, willow trees, meandering streams and distant mountains and an absence of figures. The most obvious difference between Canton and Nanking patterns is noted in the design of the borders of each.

Canton porcelain

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The extraordinarily narrow windows found in the dating of these factory scenes export porcelain that was produced in Jingdezhen, and then painted in Canton.

Produced in the 18th century, Chinese export porcelain was crafted with the same technical virtuosity as Chinese Imperial porcelain but designed to Western taste. Its continued appeal is testament to the incredible interaction of Chinese artisans and Western importers who, without common language or culture and separated by vast oceans, together promoted the spread of these wares. Bulk-ordered blue and white porcelain decorated with generic mountain landscapes comprised the overwhelming majority of China Trade cargoes.

A pair of Dutch market semi-eggshell porcelain soup plates, Yongzheng period, circa These objects reflected the absolute latest in fashion, not just in their decorations but also in their forms, which evolved as trends emerged and 18th-century cuisine developed. These wares were painted to order in China after popular Western paintings and prints, with scenes ranging from literary to topographical, mythological or historical.

A further category of Chinese export wares includes those modelled after fashionable European silver forms. From soup tureens, tea services, candlesticks and candelabra to ewers and wine coolers, these pieces offer a fascinating mix of Chinese decoration and Western shape. A grisaille, gilt and sepia tea service, Qianlong period, circa When collecting in this category, look for quality of modelling and rarity of form, as well as attractive decoration and superior enamelling or painting.

A pair of white cockerels, Qianlong period

Fascinating Cantonware

Canton Porcelain By Patricia Samford. The term Canton porcelain has been used to refer to several types of Chinese export porcelain ftn1 over the years, as well as to the Chinese port of that name which is known today as Guangzhou Madsen , resulting in no little confusion over this terminology. For the purposes of this identification and dating essay, the term is used only to refer to late 18th- to early 20th- century blue and white Chinese porcelains, created for the North American export market.

Canton porcelains are typically characterized by several variants of a border pattern consisting of a band of blue containing a crisscrossed lattice in a heavier blue, with an inner border of scallops or swags Figure 1a. A second border pattern Figure 1b , consisting of two parallel bands of diagonal lines that meet at an angle Herbert and Schiffer is also found.

Pink & Green Famille Rose Medallion Porcelain Soup / Rice Spoon, Antique Chinese Export pre An antique Chinese Export porcelain spoon, dating pre​.

Antiques, by their very nature, have a long history. It therefore follows that the standard of care with which they have been treated over such an extended period may well have varied a great deal. During times of peace, for instance, good care may have been taken of them, but during periods of war, it is likely they will have suffered neglect, or worse. Furthermore, succeeding generations may not necessarily have placed the same value upon the objects.

Finally, this complex journey leading to the present day is rarely recorded and in this case, it is no longer possible to place the objects in their historical context. Often, the ship together with its cargo is found on the very spot it sank all those years ago, thus perfectly preserved in its historical context. This provides an unusual opportunity of finding a large collection of export objects, all of the same origin and all manufactured by a small number of potters.

Everyday items used by the crew during their voyage are usually found among them. Frequently objects come to light that have never before been recorded.

Chinese Export Porcelain for the West

Canton Painted porcelain, also known as Canton enamel porcelain, included on the State intangible Cultural Heritage List in , has a history of more than years, dating back to the Qing Dynasty The art form rooted from western noble circle’s order for painted porcelain in 17 century, when Guangzhou, then Canton, was the only maritime foreign trade port of China then. Being export oriented, Canton painted porcelain mixed western art element with traditional Chinese painting. Nowadays, modern elements and techniques were added to the traditional design of Canton painted porcelain.

We offer this superb antique Chinese porcelain lidded teapot decorated with floral garden designs dating from the early 18th century. The rounded bullet.

Blue and white “Kraak” paneled decoration on a thin porcelain body. Diameter 34 c. J E Nilsson Collection. The Portuguese were the first to establish regular trade with China over the sea. The first export porcelain got to be known as Kraak porcelain , probably after the Portuguese Carrack’s which were the ships the Portuguese used for the trade. At the end of the 16th century, a most fascinating exchange of ideas started to occur between China and the West.

A regular trade with the West had indeed been going on since the time of the Roman Empire when China was known as Seres – the land of Silk. The Portuguese had established the first “modern” trading station in Canton as early as Very soon western merchants began to order copies of pieces they brought with them or from supplied patterns. Very early commercial middlemen were the Jesuit missionaries that somehow had managed to get connections inland that could be used for trade.

From the early 17th century the Dutch presence in the East India trade became more and more noticeable.

Coalport Porcelain & Dating Coalport Marks

In this case study dedicated to Chinese style ceramic sherds excavated from archeological sites in East Africa, we have made use of multiple approaches. First, from a local viewpoint, the density of Chinese style ceramic sherds at a site may be used as a measurement tool to evaluate the degree of its involvement in long distance trade.

Chinese-style ceramics travelled from the production sites in China and South-East Asia to East Africa, by passing successively from different regional networks, that formed the multi-partner global networks. Thus, the periodization of Chinese imports in East Africa appears to show that each phase appears to fall within a particular configuration of these successive trade networks.

From the global context of Sino-Swahili trade, the inequitable nature of the cheap Chinese ceramics traded against highly valued African commodities should also be mentioned.

However, several factors point to a somewhat later dating. did not occur until after I 71 5, when the English established their factory permanently at Canton.

The Met Fifth Ave opens August The Met Cloisters opens September Your health is our top priority. At the crest of the long commerce between China and the West in the mid- to late eighteenth century, Chinese porcelain was eagerly acquired by Western rulers, statesmen, leading families, and others alert for the novel. Its primary appeal was that it could be designed to order, and when it came off the trade ships a season or two later, many of the pieces—sometimes entire dinner sets—were decorated with family armorials, images still topical, or designs more or less freely reproduced from drawings or engravings sent to China the year before.

Recent interest in China trade porcelain has brought to light significant new examples of this ware. Dating from the early sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century, these tapersticks, cups, pitchers, plates, dishes, and tureens tell us a good deal about the growth of European interest in the ware, how Western tastes in design changed, how the makers’ skills and techniques took them from blue-and-white ware through grisaille and famille rose painting to polychrome plus gilt, and how the shapes of porcelains reflected in some cases the direct influences of European metalwork and glassware.

All fifty-two additions to the collection are comprehensively illustrated—nearly a quarter of them are shown in color—and numerous views of comparable pieces in other collections are included, as well as the original pictorial sources for many of the painted decorations.


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A good, Chinese, Canton / Rose Medallion porcelain vase, dating to the second half of the19th Century. Painted in Fam Item was passed.

Porcelain age signs give us an opportunity to determine whether a ceramic item is really antique or recently made. Age characteristics can be fake, but the average age faking can be detected by knowledgable collectors or dealers. If a piece of China shows no visible age signs at all, we consider it as recently made. On the other hand, if there are too many age signs present it is necessary to carefully check in detail to make sure the item is not a fake.

But, you need to be aware that the age signs of ceramics are different from those of other antiques. You cannot come and decide age because an item looks old or gives the feeling of age. See also Faking the Age of Porcelain. Easily recognizable porcelain age characteristics. Discoloration and Glaze Deterioriation: Glaze and decoration do not get discolored under normal circumstances with porcelain, even over extended periods of time.

An exception are items that have been in the soil or sea for long periods of time.

Beautiful Pair Chinese Canton Porcelain Vases 20th Century

Virtual Beachcombing Festival. Ships on the high seas. Traders from ancient lands. Hand-made, kiln-fired china. Phrases call to mind the highly collectible ceramics called Cantonware, a cobalt blue and grey-white paste porcelain made in China centuries ago.

Shop from the world’s largest selection and best deals for Porcelain/Pottery Primary Chinese Antiques. Shop with confidence on eBay!

The present article seeks to analyze the presence and the symbolical meaning of oriental, and in particular Chinese, porcelain in English interiors in the 17th and 18th centuries. It examines how porcelain, through its dual status as both a natural and artificial artifact, and its exotic association with the Far East, contributed to the development of the rococo in the decorative arts in England and became a metonymy for women and the female material world.

Its function and status varied according to the place where it was displayed, from cabinets of curiosities to china closets and the tea-table. Chinese and Japanese porcelain also carried a set of different, sometimes antithetical meanings according to the type of collectors who acquired them and the way they were organised and arranged in the home. Chinamania was closely associated with women in the modern period, which led to gendered perceptions of porcelain, with the china closet becoming a metonymy for woman.

I first examine the cultural and stylistic meaning of 17 th -century porcelain collections to show that the fascination for porcelain items was grounded in their ambiguous status as curious, natural and artistic objects. I then turn to the case study of the furnishings of Colworth House in Bedfordshire to analyse the social function of porcelain as a signifier of taste, conspicuous consumption and status. This is followed by an interpretation of porcelain along gendered lines, in which I suggest that porcelain functioned as a memento and a fetish.

Although Chinese porcelain started to reach England in higher quantities at that time, they continued to be considered as precious exotica worthy of display in cabinets of curiosities. Most Chinese porcelain imported in the 17 th century consisted of blanc-de-Chine and blue and white ware.

Shipwreck Ceramics

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This porcelain antique Chinese planter has floral decorations to sides and top Rose Canton terrine Symbols that are helpful when dating Meissen pieces.

Canton or Cantonese porcelain is the characteristic style of ceramic ware decorated in Guangzhou , the capital of Guangdong and prior to the sole legal port for export of Chinese goods to Europe. As such, it was one of the major forms of exportware produced in China in the 18th and 20th centuries. Typically, the exportware was made, glazed, and fired at Jingdezhen but decorated with enamels in Guangzhou then usually romanized as Canton for export to the west via the Thirteen Factories of the Canton System.

The decorative famille rose patterns used in export wares may be called Rose Canton which is decorated with flowers, birds and insects but with no human figures; Rose Mandarin with human figures as the main subject and introduced in the late 18th century; and Rose Medallion which has different panels that may be of different subjects and introduced in the 19th century. Media related to Canton porcelain at Wikimedia Commons.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Canton porcelain A Canton Famille rose porcelain punch bowl c.

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